The Ancient World Of Egypt
|Egypt is a nation occupying the northeastern corner of Africa, the Sinai
Peninsula in adjacent Southwest Asia, and some islands in the Gulf of Suez and the Red Sea. It is bounded by the
Mediterranean Sea on the north, Sudan on the south, the Red Sea and Israel on the east, and Libya on the west.
The name Egypt is derived from the Greek word Aegyptus, which was taken from the ancient Egyptian term Hik up tah
("House of the Spirit"). The term was used to designate the city of Memphis, Egypt's earliest capital.
Egypt is the most populous nation in the Arab world and (after Nigeria) the second most populous country in Africa. Cairo, Egypt's capital, is the largest city in both Africa and the Middle East. Almost 99% of Egypt's population live along the narrow, fertile Nile River valley and its delta, which accounts for only 4% of the total land area. Overpopulation in relation to the country's resources is Egypt's greatest barrier to economic development, and today the nation is heavily dependent upon foreign aid.
Egyptians' strong identity extends back to the 4th millennium BC when the ancient Egyptian civilization was established. Conquered by the Arabs during the 7th century, Egypt was part of the Ottoman Empire from 1517 to 1798 and was held by the British from 1882 to 1922. It then became an independent monarchy. The monarchy was abolished after a military coup in 1952, and in 1954, Col. Gamal Abdel Nasser became president, shaping Egypt into the socialist republic it is today. Egypt was a leading belligerent in four Arab-Israeli Wars, but in 1979 President Anwar al-Sadat signed a peace treaty with the Israelis.
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Last Modified 29/7/2001